Electric vehicles are the future of e-mobility, but like traditional cars, they too need some occasional maintenance. The great news is that it’s not nearly as much work, as electric cars are vastly simplified compared to their fossil-fuelled cousins. If you have an EV, here are some suggestions to ease your EV maintenance chores.
1. Check the tyres
Check the pressure in the wheels of the car regularly and fill it as needed according to the manufacturer specifications. Also, tyre checking is needed only when the tyres are cold, with first thing in the morning being best. Visually examine the tyres of EV often to know if there are any tears and/or significant tread wear. Check the tyres every 1-3 months, depending on how much you drive. New cars may include Tyre Pressure Monitoring Systems which will warn you about low inflation pressures, but being proactive by keeping them near the upper recommended level pays dividends, resulting in better economy. Every six months or as the manufacturer specifies, you’ll have to get the tyres rotated, so as to equalize wear.
2. Check the fluids
Just like traditional fuel cars, EVs too have fluids that need to be checked regularly. The windshield washer fluid is easily accessible; you’ll need to keep it topped up. Two other fluids you need to check are the brake fluid and the coolant fluid. Check the manufacturer recommendations.
3. Battery health
The battery is the foremost component of your EV. Fortunately, there’s no need to check the battery health regularly and if there was an issue, the car’s on-board computers would indicate this.
EV batteries are designed in such a way that they have an extended life, but it’s capacity will reduce over time. When it’s not working optimally anymore, you may need to replace it with a new one. The positive thing about EV batteries is that they last for a longer period, at least 10 years or more. EV Manufacturers also generally provide warranties for batteries in the same duration. You must check the battery warranty offered by your manufacturer.
4. Set a timer when charging
While charging your electric car, set a timer. Your electric car may allow you to charge to 90 percent instead of full, or you may set a timer accordingly to charge your car. Keeping your car’s battery state of charge between 10% and 90%, except when going on for a long drive, is good general practice. Having a battery charged too full or too empty often may reduce its capacity over many years.
5. Choose the charger wisely
Always opt for the smart chargers that are easy to use as well as are compatible with your electric vehicle. Choose fastest and the smartest electric vehicle chargers to manage the charging process of your electric vehicle right from the palm of your hands. Look for charger that is compatible with all plug-in vehicle brand. There are many smart chargers in the market, but always choose the one that makes your electric vehicle a smart one.
6. Check the brake pads
Generally, Electric Vehicles have regenerative braking, which actually makes electricity move back in the battery when you take your foot off the accelerator pedal. Although you will use the traditional brakes a lot less, still checking your car’s brake pads regularly is recommended to make sure they are working properly.
7. Watch your driving
Your driving habits impact your electric vehicle more than anything. Follow the best practices mentioned below, while driving your EV:
- Keep it light. Your car has to work harder when it has more weight to carry.
- In cold, wet weather, give yourself some extra cushion of energy. Turning on the heater uses some of your battery, plus batteries are less capable in cold areas and need to be warm to deliver full performance. Also, cold air is dense, costs more energy to get through it and wet roads have less traction, requiring more energy to get to the destination.
8. Attend regular services
Generally, Electric vehicles have fewer parts to maintain compared to petrol/diesel vehicles, such as oil levels or fuel filters, they still require the same care and attention. It is foremost to continue to book your electric car in for a service as regularly as you would a traditional internal combustion vehicle.
9. Avoid parking in the sun for long periods of time
Did you know that parking your electric car in the shade rather than the sun extends the overall battery life? additionally, it will undoubtedly keep your car temperature more comfortable. When you park your car in the sun for longer period, the thermal management system will keep your battery running and thus decrease its battery life. If you are not near an electric car charging point, this could increase the risk of running out of charge before you reach one. Parking your electric car in the sun might also cause your battery to overheat, which could cause costly damage.
10. Smooth braking
Another key part of maintaining electric vehicle is smooth, careful braking. Generally, Electric cars use regenerative braking, which helps to maximise the life of your brake pads and keep them in good condition for longer. Brake pads in an electric car usually tend to last longer compared to that of a traditional vehicle, up to two times less frequently in some cases. Dynamic energy created when braking in an EV is converted into electricity. Despite this, we recommend that you still carry out regular servicing of your brakes.
It is also advised to avoid driving at high/full speed in order to prevent the need to slam on the brakes, thus increasing the risk of damage. Avoiding heavy traffic and the need for frequent braking will also help in preserving the life of your brakes.
11. General maintenance
Even though it may seem that an electric vehicle does not have as many parts to go wrong, general EV maintenance and upkeep is just as necessary. This also includes checking your vehicle’s wheel alignment, tread depth, coolant levels and so on. If you not sure about whether your electric vehicle is safe to drive, we always recommend consulting your local garage for further advice.
These are some basic points that should be taken care of to maintain your EV. There are many Electric cars available in the market, always choose the one that doesn’t cost you much in maintaining it. Besides this, also choose a smart-charger not just a normal charger for your electric car to maintain it at a low cost. Electric car chargers play an important role in maintaining your car in the best possible way.
Have a happy and a safe ride. 🙂